Published on Friday, February 25th, 2011
The Centre Pompidou dedicates an exhibition to Piet Mondrian
(Amersfoort 1872-New York, 1944) and the De Stijl movement, created by an assorted group of artists, architects and designers around the eponymous magazine. Starting in 1917, they gave birth to the current of Neoplasticism.
The route begins by presenting the sources of the movement, which philosophical bases are Hegel, the God of Spinoza, and the Theosophical thought. Founded by Theo Van Doesburg, this movement had among its greatest exponents artist Piet Mondrian, whose work is the central part of the exhibition.
A hundred works document the evolution of the artist, offering a punctual analysis yet limited by his pictorial production.
The Dutch artist made his debut with an Impressionist experience and by absorbing Cézanne
In some of the exposed works is the ascendant exerted by-the-century avant-garde movement such as Symbolism and Fauvism. In 1912, he arrives in Paris to discover the protocubist expression of Braque
and conduct his own paintings with the decomposition of space.
After a few years Mondrian moves away from Cubism to add on his own a new page in the history of art. "I noticed that Cubism did not accept the logical consequences of its own discoveries: it wasn't developing abstractions towards its goals, on the way to the expression of pure reality
". The second decade of the twentieth century had just begun. The industrial society was beginning to establish itself; the First World War was just around the corner and the social and political ferment of the time were accompanied by a series of artistic avant-gardes, including abstraction.
The exhibition documents Mondrian personal metabolism operated by the concept of abstraction. The objective of putting on canvas the total absence the artist’s mood is accompanied by the experience concerning the fact of living the Theosophy through one’s art: a poetic that led him to recognize a geometric order within which inscribing his own spirituality.
If the exhibition proposes an interesting analysis of the Dutch artist’s production, what appears debatable is the choice of presenting a reduced number of Mondrian's works in favour of concluding a too large part documenting developments and the spread of the movement De Stijl, especially when the colours and lines of Neoplasticism reach the first interior spaces and the public of the city. Too distracting and have easy reading for insiders only, this section shows how simple everyday objects are rendered unique through an aesthetic that transcends their usefulness.
The design is in the delivery room. To arise as we know it today, along with the industrial reproducibility of art objects, the revolution conducted by the Bauhaus movement.
show visited on November the 30th, 2010
From November the 30th, 2010 to March the 21st, 2011
/ De Stijl
curated by Alfred Pacquement
George Pompidou - 75004 Paris
Wednesdays to Mondays 11-21; Thursdays 11-23
Entrance Fee: full € 12; reduced € 9
tel. +33 0144781233; www.centrepompidou.fr